November 2018 Br J Cardiol 2018;25:133 News and views
January 2018 Online First
November 2016 Br J Cardiol 2016;23:136 Meeting reportNews and views
October 2016 Br J Cardiol 2016;23:133–5 Meeting reportNews and views
July 2016 Br J Cardiol 2016;23:106–9 doi:10.5837/bjc.2016.025 Online First
Blandina Gomes, Kamen Valchanov, William Davies, Adam Brown, Peter Schofield
Refractory angina represents an important clinical problem. Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) for refractory angina has been used for over two decades to improve pain and, thus, quality of life. This case series reports the clinical efficacy and safety profile of SCS.
We included patients who had a SCS device implanted between 2001 and 2015 following a rigorous selection process. Patients were prospectively followed. We performed a descriptive analysis and used paired t-test to evaluate the difference in Canadian Cardiovascular Society angina (CCS) class before and after SCS implant.
Of the 100 patients included, 89% were male, the mean age was 65.1 years and mean follow-up time was 53.6 months. The CCS class after SCS implant was statistically improved from before (p<0.05) and 88% of patients who gave feedback were very satisfied. Thirty-two patients died, 58% of those who had a documented cause of death, died from a non-cardiac cause.
This study shows the outcome of 14 years’ experience of SCS implantation. The anginal symptoms had a statistically significant improvement and the satisfaction rate was higher than 90%. The complication rate is within the range reported in the literature. SCS seems to be an effective and safe treatment option for refractory angina.
June 2016 Br J Cardiol 2016;23:61–4 doi:10.5837/bjc.2016.020 Clinical article
Deborah Tinson, Samantha Swartzman, Kate Lang, Sheena Spense, Iain Todd
Chronic refractory angina results in significant NHS costs due to chronic high use of resources. This audit evaluated the clinical effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioural (CBT) programme in reducing angina symptoms after maximal medical and surgical intervention. The primary outcome was self-reported angina. Additional questionnaire data comprised perceived quality of life/disability, angina misconceptions, self-efficacy and mood. Data from the electronic patient administration system was used to compare use of cardiology hospital resources in the two years before and two years after attendance. Patients completing questionnaires reported significant improvements in all areas post-group and at two months. Resource use was lower in the two years post-programme than the two years prior. A CBT-based approach to symptom management could offer additional clinical benefits in the cardiac rehabilitation menu.
February 2016 Br J Cardiol 2016;23:(1) Online First
August 2015 Br J Cardiol 2015;22:89–90 News and views
July 2014 Br J Cardiol 2014;21:94–5 doi:10.5837/bjc.2014.022 Editorial
The introduction of high-dose statin therapy, more potent statins and the corresponding clinical trial results have led to new treatment targets in secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD).1 Most guidelines recommend that for secondary prevention patients require a treatment goal of less than 1.8 mmol/L low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol (LDL-C).2 While the use of high-dose atorvastatin therapy is expected to become more widespread now that atorvastatin is available as a generic drug,3 in practice, poor compliance seriously impacts effective treatment.4 Only 1.9% of patients in the Treating to New Targets (TNT) study reduced the randomised treatment of 80 mg atorvastatin to 40 mg,1 whereas, in practice, the mean dose prescribed is 32 mg per day.5 For statins, there appears to be a road-block to implementing the results of large randomised-controlled trials (RCTs), similar to the issue of treating hypertension, another ‘silent’ disease.
July 2014 Br J Cardiol 2014;21:108–12 doi:10.5837/bjc.2014.023 Clinical article
Alan Begg, Iain Findlay
Lipoproteins play a pivotal role in the development of atherosclerosis, where apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins are considered pro-atherogenic and high-density lipoprotein anti-atherogenic. The retention and accumulation of modified low-density lipoprotein in foam cells within the intima of the arterial vessel wall is characteristic of the atherosclerotic process. Conversely, high-density lipoprotein plays an important role in the efflux of excess free cholesterol from the arterial wall through the process of reverse cholesterol transport. High-density lipoprotein also has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that may also confer a protective effect on the vasculature. Statins are the first-line treatment for lowering low-density lipoprotein, but the residual risk of disease remains high. Novel therapies are under investigation that may offer a new therapeutic approach to treating atherosclerosis and additional protection against cardiovascular disease.