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Tag Archives: RALES

August 2017 Br J Cardiol 2017;24:(3) Online First

BCS 2017: spotlight on heart failure

BJC Staff, Dr Richard Crawley, Dr Brian Halliday, Dr Rosita Zakeri

Abstract

Landmark trials in heart failure – 30 years from CONSENSUS With 2017 marking the 30th year since the publication of CONSENSUS,1 which first reported a reduction in mortality with enalapril versus placebo in patients with advanced heart failure (HF), the BCS held a dedicated session to review the seminal clinical trials and advances in chronic heart failure management in this period. Dr Rosita Zakeri (Royal Brompton Hospital, London) reviewed this session for us and spoke to the BJC afterwards. Rosita Zakeri The era of vasodilator therapy for heart failure began in the 1990s. Professor Karl Swedberg (University of Gothenberg, Sweden) began

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Neurohumoral activation in heart failure and the implications for treatment

June 2016 Br J Cardiol 2016;23(suppl 1):S1–S16 doi:10.5837/bjc.2016.s01

Neurohumoral activation in heart failure and the implications for treatment

Legate Philip, Paul R Kalra

Abstract

Introduction An acute pathological insult to the heart leads to a reduction in cardiac output (i.e. any cause of left ventricular systolic dysfunction [LVSD]), which activates a series of innate protective mechanisms. In the short term, activation of neurohumoral systems aim to preserve central arterial pressure and thereby vital organ perfusion, and include the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and the renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system (RAAS). The net main effects of this process are: i) vasoconstriction; ii) sodium and water retention by the kidneys. While in the acute setting these adaptive responses may be beneficial, long-term over

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