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Tag Archives: heart diseases

July 2022 Br J Cardiol 2022;29(3) doi:10.5837/bjc.2022.025

Infective endocarditis: acne to zoonoses on the valve, an A to Z perspective

Mark Boyle, Charlene Tennyson, Achyut Guleri, Antony Walker

Abstract

Introduction The incidence of Cutibacterium acnes as the causative organism for infective endocarditis (IE) is reported as 0.3%.1 C. acnes IE is associated with both native and prosthetic valves, but is much more commonly found on prosthetic valves. Studies show that middle-aged men are mostly affected, with serious infections increasingly reported in association with bioprosthetic material.1 C. acnes is part of the commensal flora of the skin, colonising pilous follicles and sebaceous glands, and may also be found in the mucosa of the mouth, nose, urogenital tract and large intestine, this difference might account for the gender-specific b

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June 2021 Br J Cardiol 2021;28:95–7 doi:10.5837/bjc.2021.030

Can too much exercise be dangerous: what can we learn from the athlete’s heart?

Fang Qin Goh

Abstract

Dr Fang Qin Goh Introduction With semi-professional sporting events becoming more accessible,1 the effect of endurance training on the body is increasingly relevant, not just in elite athletes, but also fitness enthusiasts. Exercise prevents and aids treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD), hypertension, heart failure, diabetes mellitus, obesity and depression,2,3 reduces cardiac events,1 and improves survival.4,5 However, there is concern excessive exercise could have adverse cardiac effects.2 This article aims to address whether an upper limit to mortality benefits of exercise exists, consider physiological and potentially pathological ch

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