In June 2014 the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) released new guidelines (TA314) on the use of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) and cardiac resynchronisation therapy devices (CRTs) in the management of heart failure. These guidelines replaced the previous TA95 and TA120 guidelines. We evaluated the potential impact on implant rates in our institution.
Clinical records of 396 consecutive patients were reviewed, with 100 patients included in the final analysis. Device indications and associated costs were calculated using both existing and new criteria.
NICE TA95/TA120 criteria recommended 37 devices: 20 ICDs, 9 CRTs with pacing (CRT-Ps), and 8 CRTs with defibrillator (CRT-Ds). The new NICE 2014 criteria recommended 97 devices: 56 ICDs, 7 CRT-Ps, and 34 CRT-Ds. Comparison of the new and old guidelines suggested a significant increase in total devices (p<0.0001). This corresponded primarily to an increase in ICDs and CRT-Ds, with an associated £661,708 increase in total spend (£407,205 increase per annum).
This study confirms the significant increase in ICDs and CRT-Ds indicated by NICE. This will have significant financial and workforce implications.